Ultrasound scans show how a baby is affected when mom smokes during pregnancy
The latest Ultrasound scanning technology which has provided dramatic hi resolution photos of the babies in the womb have now provided valuable insight on how smoking affects babies. Using 4d Ultrasound, researchers were able to scan fetuses to check different rates of movement in mothers who smoked cigarettes.
The study ws carried out by Durham and Leicester Universities in England and was published in the journal Acta Paediatrica. The study proved how 4d Ultrasound technology was able to detect fetal movement where earlier technology could not.
1 The study to detect fetal movement
The study involved 20 pregnant women over a three month period. Four of the women were smokers who smoked 14 cigarettes a day on an average. 16 were non smokers. The women were scanned 4 times throughout the study period.
The ultra sound scans revealed a difference in mouth movements of the fetuses. Researchers also observed how many times a fetus touched its face which was a subtle movement called self touch. The fetuses of mothers who smoked showed a higher rate of mouth movements compared to those of the non smoking mothers. Analysis was also collected on the maternal stress and depression of each mother as these were also factors that determined fetal movements.